Europe enters 'war' with the US and China over quantum computing

Quantum computing is rapidly gaining ground in Europe. After all, it has already demonstrated its ability to solve problems that would otherwise be considered impossible for traditional computing. Which is why this technology aroused great interest in various entities, from companies to academic and government institutions in the region.

And solutions based on quantum computing continue to experience progress without presidents. This is driven by the increasingly promising startups that are entering this sector. Thus taking advantage of its potential to capture the attention of both investors and government organizations. Hence it is said that Europe would be joining in a competitive race against China and the US.

Europe joins the technological race of quantum computing

This is conveyed by Olivier Ezratty (Author of 'Understanding Quantum Technologies'), who raises the idea of a new technological career within this emerging segment. This time, between powers such as the United States, China and Europe, which would seek to ensure a favorable position in the quantum computing market. However, this last region faces certain difficulties when positioning itself outside the domain of its main competitors.

Despite this, Europe spares no effort to try to stand out within this field. In fact, in October 2018, the region would begin several of its most ambitious projects, with the aim of not being left behind. This set of innovations would receive an investment of 1,000 million euros over a period of 10 years. Which makes it a strategic move to try to close the gap with the United States and China.

European Union boost in quantum computing

The objective of this investment is support promising innovations in the region, in order to establish itself as a leader in this evolving sector. To achieve this, the European Union will promote projects focused on high-impact segments. Therefore, four of the key areas that stand out are quantum computing, quantum simulation and quantum communication, as well as sensing and metrology. Since they represent research fields with great potential for transformation.

Recall that Europe has already witnessed the emergence of some of the industry's most promising quantum computing architectures. As is the case of IQM, Quandela, Pasqal and AQT. But where it is said that it could take the lead is in the role of distributor or manufacturer of enabling technologies. That is, the tools necessary for the manufacture and correct operation of quantum computers.

Exploring new quantum solutions

According to Ezratty, Europe has an established market for essential components for quantum computing. This includes things like cryogenics, special cables and connectors, which are critical to the functioning of quantum systems. In addition, it is already working on developing techniques to integrate quantum computers with existing high-performance computers.

But that's not all, since the EU would carry out several projects to explore new solutions related to quantum computing. Likewise, appointing companies such as EuroHPC to work directly on the development of new applications. This is an outstanding example, since the company would manage to connect a 20-qubit quantum computer to LUMI, the fastest supercomputer in Europe. In addition, other similar projects and collaborations are carried out in multiple countries in the region.

He Europe's challenge in manufacturing quantum computers

However, despite these efforts, the quantum computers produced by Europe They fail to compete with those that emerged in the US or China. After all, we are talking about two entities that are currently competing for a monopoly on the manufacturing of equipment and components. This is largely due to its massive internal market and its ability to invest resources in its own projects.

Although this does not mean that Europe does not have an opportunity to diversify. According to Ezratty, the region has key research efforts and funded institutions that support the advancement of this technology. Likewise, obtaining significant results by integrating high-performance computers with quantum systems. In addition, it has a dynamic industrial ecosystem that makes it one of the key regions in terms of technological production.

Europe is determined to maintain or strengthen its position in the field of quantum computing. At the same time delves into the development of increasingly advanced technologies in this field. All while it is immersed in a 'war' against the United States and China, as it seeks to ensure its participation in this market. Hence, they are currently carrying out research and efforts to develop a solid quantum technology ecosystem.