This is the S-500 Prometeo, the air defense system that Russia has deployed in Crimea and can attack even satellites

Russia has moved to the peninsula of Crimea which invaded one of its air defense systems in 2014 S-500 in the first deployment it has made of the most advanced one it has in its arsenal. Developed by Almaz-Anteythe S-500 Prometey, Prometheus in Russian, offers a response time of 4 seconds, a range of 600 kilometers against ballistic missiles and 500 km against air defenses and is capable of attacking satellites in low Earth orbit.

Its deployment in Crimea is intended to protect the Kerch Bridgethe $4 billion construction that links the occupied peninsula to Russia and is one of the main supply routes for Putin’s military. The Kerch bridge is a high-value target for Ukraine has managed to successfully attack twicein October 2022 with a truck loaded with explosives and in July 2023 with marine drones. The S-500 adds a new layer of protection against possible ballistic missile attacks. On May 30, the Kerch bridge suffered an ATACMS ballistic missile attack manufactured by Lockheed Martin and supplied to Ukraine by the United States that hit two Russian ferries, the Ukrainian General Staff said.

‘The last elements of the S-500 have appeared in the city of Kerch,’ said the lieutenant general Kyrylo Budanov, head of the Ukrainian Defense Intelligence Directorate, in an interview with Ukrainian media reported by The Warzone. ‘This will, in principle, be an experimental application… The Kerch bridge is always used, and as long as it is there, it will continue to be used,’ Budanov said.

The deployment has come after a number of battery systems S-300 and S-400 were destroyed by Ukraine also using missiles from the ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System.

The S-500 is a road mobile system which includes 10×10 launchers-erectors-transporters based on the chassis BAZ-69096 and is made up of six components different: the 77P6 launch vehicle, the 55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 command posts, the 91N6A(M) battle acquisition and management radar, the 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, and the 76T6 and 77T6 ABM multi-mode engagement radars.

The Prometey system has been in development since 2009 and can fire the missile 40N6Mused in the S-400, in the air defense role or the 77N6 / 77N6-N1, anti-ballistic and anti-satellite missiles. In April, former Russian defense minister Sergei Shoigusaid the S-500 would enter service this year and maintained that two types of systems would be deployed: anti-missile and anti-aircraft.

The 77N6 missile is an advanced interceptor created specifically for the S-500 systemIt is designed to intercept and destroy medium and long-range ballistic missiles in the reentry phase of their flight, is highly maneuverable, can reach hypersonic speeds and uses an inertial guidance system with radar corrections and possibly with terminal guidance technology that provides high precision in the interception of targets.

The 77N6-N1 is a variant of the previous one with some improvements to expand its capabilities to intercept intercontinental ballistic missiles, ICBMs, and multiple reentry vehicles, MIRVs. Offers greater range and accuracy and resistance to electronic counterattacks.

They both have capabilities ASAT. That is, in addition to against ballistic missiles and aircraft, the 77N6 and 77N6-N1 missiles are designed to intercept and destroy satellites in low Earth orbitThis capability allows Russia to neutralize reconnaissance, communications and navigation satellites in the event of a conflict.

This is the first time Russia has used the S-500 in an ongoing conflict. Until now, the results of the tests carried out in recent years by the Russian Army have been known. In 2018, it managed to hit an air target at a distance of 482 km and in 2021 it shot down a ballistic missile substitute target. The Russian Defense Ministry then stated that ‘the S-500 anti-aircraft missile system It has no analogues in the world and is designed to defeat the entire spectrum of existing aerospace attack weapons. and promising a potential enemy across the entire range of altitudes and speeds.’